DMK called Karunanidhi Kalaignar. What it means, and how to pronounce it

#JustIn: Kaliagnar M. Karunanidhi Passes Away At 94

The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam intends to move the Madras High Court demanding a burial spot at Marina beach, alongside other former chief ministers of Tamil Nadu, following the death of its party chief and five-time chief minister M Karunanidhi on Tuesday.

Mr Karunanidhi was admitted to Kauvery Hospital on July 28 after suffering a drop in his blood pressure and a urinary tract infection. After the DMK chief's death was announced and when news spread that the Tamil Nadu government had refused to allot a space on Marina Beach as the leader's final resting place, party workers started shouting slogans condemning the government's decision.

He soon became close to fellow screenwriter C.N. Annadurai, who also happened to be the founder of the DMK and later went on to become the first chief minister of Tamil Nadu.

Born on June 3, 1924, to Muthuvel and Anjugam, at Thirukuvalai in Tiruvarur, around 320 kilometres from Chennai, he was named Dakshinamurthy, which he later changed to Karunanidhi. He contested - and won - 13 elections in the state.

"As the DMK began to engage in electoral politics, the hard edge of social reform in its films was softened and the films increasingly became vehicles for promoting the party as such rather than reform ideology".

An atheist and self-declared rationalist, Mr Karunanidhi rose to political prominence in the 1940s as part of the Dravidian movement - which challenged the supremacy of upper caste Brahmins - and through his participation in anti-Hindi language agitations.

However the latest statement from the Tamil Nadu Government has denied the request of the DMK leader's family which was also his dying wish.

He was known for drawing foreign investors to India's second largest state economy, and oversaw the state becoming an industrial powerhouse, credited with opening many industrial and technology parks. His father was a farmer in the village of Thirukuvalai in Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu.

Continuing Annadurai's argument that an ideal Centre is the one which left sufficient powers with the states and kept just enough power with itself to protect the integrity and sovereignty of the country, Karunanidhi continued to work on the footsteps of his predecessor. "I will never forget this day in my lifetime", said the 67-year-old, whose fans credit him with contributing to a huge DMK victory in 1996 with a comment that was a snub to AIADMK chief J Jayalalithaa.

He is survived by four sons and two daughters.

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